State-of-Being Practice Exercises (copula_ex)

State-of-Being Practice Exercises (copula_ex)
Meaning: State-of-Being Practice Exercises
JLPT Level: 4
Category: lesson
Author: TaeKim

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Outline

  1. Vocabulary used in this section
  2. Conjugation Exercise 1
  3. Conjugation Exercise 2
  4. Question Answer Exercise

Vocabulary used in this section

In the following exercises, we will practice the state-of-being conjugations we just covered. But first, you might want to learn or review the following useful nouns that will be used in the exercises.

Kanji
To start with, I have listed the kanji you will need for the vocabulary for your convenience. The link will take you to a diagram of the stroke order. However, it doesn’t clearly show the direction (though you can kind of tell by the animation) so you should check with a kanji dictionary if you’re not sure. I recommend practicing the kanji in the context of real words (such as the ones below).

  1. – person
  2. – child
  3. – small
  4. – middle
  5. – big
  6. – friend
  7. – life
  8. – ahead
  9. – study
  10. – school
  11. – high
  12. – car
  13. – accompanying
  14. – reach

Vocabulary
Here is the list of some simple nouns that might be used in the exercises.

  1. うん – casual word for "yes" (yeah, uh-huh)
  2. ううん – casual word for "no" (nah, uh-uh)
  3. これ – this
  4. それ – that
  5. あれ – that over there
  6. こう – (things are) this way
  7. そう – (things are) that way
  8. 人 【ひと】 – person
  9. 大人 【おとな】 – adult
  10. 子供 【こども】 – child
  11. 友達 【ともだち】 – friend
  12. 車 【くるま】 – car
  13. 学生 【がくせい】 – student
  14. 先生 【せんせい】 – teacher
  15. 学校 【がっこう】 – school
  16. 小学校 【しょうがっこう】 – elementary school
  17. 中学校 【ちゅうがっこう】 – middle school
  18. 高校 【こうこう】 – high school
  19. 大学 【だいがく】 – college

Conjugation Exercise 1

We are now going to practice the state-of-being conjugations in order. Take each noun and conjugate it to the following forms: the declarative, negative state-of-being, past state-of-being, and negative past state-of-being.
Sample: 人 = 人だ、人じゃない、人だった、人じゃなかった

1. これ
declarative =
negative =
past =
negative-past =
2. 大人
declarative =
negative =
past =
negative-past =
3. 学校
declarative =
negative =
past =
negative-past =
4. 友達
declarative =
negative =
past =
negative-past =
5. 学生
declarative =
negative =
past =
negative-past =

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Conjugation Exercise 2

In this second exercise, we are really going to test your conjugation knowledge as well as the vocabulary by translating some simple English sentences. Please note that while the positive, non-past state-of-being can be implied, for the purpose of this exercise, we will assume it’s always declaratory. Don’t forget that this creates a very firm and declaratory tone.
Sample: Is student. = 学生だ。

1. Is college.
2. Is not high school.
3. Was teacher.
4. Is adult.
5. Was not child.
6. This was the way it was.
7. Wasn’t that over there.
8. Is not middle school.
9. Is friend.
10. Was not car.
11. Was this.
12. That’s not the way it is.

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Question Answer Exercise

In this last exercise, we’ll practice answering very simple questions using the state-of-being. The yes or no answer (うん or ううん) will be given and it is your job to complete the sentence. In deciding whether to use the declaratory 「だ」, I’ve decided to be sexist here and assume all males use the declaratory 「だ」 and all females use the implicit state-of-being (not the case in the real world).

Sample:
Q) 学生?
A) ううん、学生じゃない。

Q1) 友達?
A1) うん、。 (female)
Q2) 学校?
A2) ううん、。
Q3) それだった?
A3) ううん、。
Q4) そう? (Is that so?)
A4) うん、。 (male)
Q5) これ?
A5) ううん、。(object is away from the speaker)
Q6) 先生だった?
A6) うん、。
Q7) 小学校だった?
A7) ううん、。
Q8) 子供?
A8) うん、。 (female)
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