In the following exercises, we will practice the state-of-being conjugations we just covered. But first, you might want to learn or review the following useful nouns that will be used in the exercises.
To start with, I have listed the kanji you will need for the vocabulary for your convenience. The link will take you to a diagram of the stroke order. However, it doesn’t clearly show the direction (though you can kind of tell by the animation) so you should check with a kanji dictionary if you’re not sure. I recommend practicing the kanji in the context of real words (such as the ones below).
Here is the list of some simple nouns that might be used in the exercises.
うん – casual word for "yes" (yeah, uh-huh)
ううん – casual word for "no" (nah, uh-uh)
これ – this
それ – that
あれ – that over there
こう – (things are) this way
そう – (things are) that way
人 【ひと】 – person
大人 【おとな】 – adult
子供 【こども】 – child
友達 【ともだち】 – friend
車 【くるま】 – car
学生 【がくせい】 – student
先生 【せんせい】 – teacher
学校 【がっこう】 – school
小学校 【しょうがっこう】 – elementary school
中学校 【ちゅうがっこう】 – middle school
高校 【こうこう】 – high school
大学 【だいがく】 – college
Conjugation Exercise 1
We are now going to practice the state-of-being conjugations in order. Take each noun and conjugate it to the following forms: the declarative, negative state-of-being, past state-of-being, and negative past state-of-being. Sample: 人 ＝ 人だ、人じゃない、人だった、人じゃなかった
In this second exercise, we are really going to test your conjugation knowledge as well as the vocabulary by translating some simple English sentences. Please note that while the positive, non-past state-of-being can be implied, for the purpose of this exercise, we will assume it’s always declaratory. Don’t forget that this creates a very firm and declaratory tone. Sample: Is student. ＝ 学生だ。
In this last exercise, we’ll practice answering very simple questions using the state-of-being. The yes or no answer （うん or ううん） will be given and it is your job to complete the sentence. In deciding whether to use the declaratory 「だ」, I’ve decided to be sexist here and assume all males use the declaratory 「だ」 and all females use the implicit state-of-being (not the case in the real world).